Scientific name: Manikara zapota

Local name: ‘Sofeda’






Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Subclass: Magnoliidae
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Sapotaceae
Species: M. zapota

Botanical Description of Safeda

Habit: A small evergreen tree with milky latex

Sapota IMG_0970

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Branches terete, often ending in a spine

Leaf: Simple, sub-opposite or clustered



Inflorescence: A cylindrical spike

Flower: Complete, actinomorphic hermaphrodite

Calyx: Sepal 6

Corolla: Petal 6

Androecium: Stamen 6

Gynoecium: Ovary many celled, style 1, stigma 1

Fruit: Fruit a fleshy berry, usually globose



Chromosome number: 2n=26

Economic Importance

Sweet and delicious edible fruits, highly nutritious. The fruit is used as a preventive against biliousness and attack of fever.

Table 1. Safeda varieties developed by Horticultural Research Center (HRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur and Germplasm Center (GPC), Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Serial NumberName of VarietyDeveloped byYear of ReleasePlanting SeasonYield


1BARI Sofeda-1HRC2003June-September18-20
2BARI Sofeda-2HRC2003June-September20-22
3BARI Sofeda-3HRC2009June-September30-35
4FTIP-BAU Sopheda-1GPC, BAU2006June-September16-24
5FTIP-BAU Sopheda-2GPC, BAU2006June-September8-12
6FTIP-BAU Sopheda-3GPC, BAU2006June-September16-24

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