English name: Kaffir lime, Limau purut

Scientific name: Citrus hystrix DC.

Local name: Satkora






Taxonomic Position of Citron According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom        :Plantae

Division          :Magnoliophyta

Class               :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order              :Sapindales

Family             :Rutaceae

Genus             : Citrus

Species            :C.hystrix

Botanical Description of Satkora


Habit: Perennial woody shrub

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Woody, branched, sparsely spiny

Leaf: Palmetely compound, unifoliate

IMG_3933 IMG_3934

Inflorescence: Axillary umbel cyme

Flower: Pedicillate, complete, actinomorphic

Calyx: Sepal 4-5, gamosepalous, valvate

Corolla: Petal 4-5, polypetalous

Androecium: Stamen numerous, in many bundles

Gynoecium: Ovary superior, multilocular, syncarpous, placentation axile

Fruit: A hesperedium

Chromosome number: 2n=18

IMG_3930 IMG_3932

Economic Importance

  • Aromatic leaves are used as spice and for various flavouring purposes
  • The juice is used in preparation of food and beverage
  • The oil extracted from leaves and fruit are used cosmetics and beauty products

Table 1. Satkara variety developed by HRC, BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh

Serial NumberName of VarietyDeveloped byYear of ReleasePlanting SeasonYield
1BARI Satkara-1HRC, BARI2003June September10 t/ha

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