Family: Solanaceae

Popular name: The Potato Family








Taxonomic position (according to Cronquist, 1981)

Kingdom                     :Plantae

Division                       :Magnoliophyta

Class                            :Magnoliopsida

Subclass                      :Asterdae

Order                           :Solanales

Family                         :Solanaceae


Origin and Distribution

The family Solanaceae consists of about 85 genera and 2800 species of nearly cosmopolitan distribution. In Bangladesh, the family is represented by 13 genera and 37 species.

Identifying characters of the family

  1. Dichotomously branched
  2. Leaves alternate
  3. Calyx persistent
  4. Fruit is berry


Table 1. Important Crops of this Family

Serial No.Bangla nameEnglish nameScientific namePlant parts used Usefulness
1MorichChiliCapsicum frutescens/

C. annum

2BegunBrinjal/eggplantSolanum melongenaFruitSpices
3TomatoTomatoSolanum lycopersicumFruitVegetable/fruit
4AluPotatoSolanum tuberosumTuber/stemVegetable/food

N. rustica



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