Scientific name: Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis
Local name: ‘Phulkapi’
Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)
|Species||: B. oleracea L. var. botrytis|
Botanical Description of Cauliflower
Root: Tap root system
Stem: Short, thick and swollen fleshy stems.
Leaf: The leaves are almost sessile, glabrous covered with a layer of wax with smooth or curly edges and blue-green in color.
Flower: Complete, bisexual, symmetrical
Chromosome number: 2n=18
Cauliflower is very important vegetable for its large, edible young inflorescence i.e. floral primordia, cannot be differentiated into vegetative and reproductive tissue. Its heads (curds) are cooked as vegetable, sometimes cut into small pieces and used in salad mixes. This is also used in dried mixtures of soup vegetables. Cauliflower has a good nutritional value. Per 100 g fresh edible portion, cauliflower curd contains on average: water 88 g, protein 4 g, fat 0.3 g, carbohydrates 6 g, fiber 1.5 g, calcium 25 mg, potassium 325 mg, carotene 200 mg and vitamin C 40 mg.
Table Cauliflower varieties developed by Horticulture Research Center (HRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Bangladesh
|Serial Number||Name of variety||Developed by||Growing season||Average yield
|1||BARI Phulkopi-1||HRC, BARI||Rabi||28-30|
|2||BARI Phulkopi-2||HRC, BARI||Rabi||25-28|