Potato

Potato

Scientific name: Solanum tuberosum L.

Bangla/local name: আলু (‘Alu’)


Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Subclass:Asterdae
Order:Solanales
Family :Solanaceae
Genus:Solanum
Species:tuberosum

Botanical Description of Potato

K1600_IMG_9267

Habit: The potato is a perennial herb, although in cultivation used as an annual crop.

K1600_SDC17194

Root: Potato has a fibrous, rather weak root system

Stem: Potato has various more or less erect, angular branched and rather weak and juicy stems (30-80 cm).

Potato plant

Leaf: Alternate, leaves are pinnately compound with three or four pairs of ovate leaflets with smaller ones in between in outline. The leaflets are opposite or alternate.

Inflorescence: The inflorescence is a many flowered cymose panicle which occurs in the leaf axil.

Flower: The flower is complete actinomorphic

Calyx: Sepal 5

Corolla: Petal 5,  white, yellow or pale violet in color

Androecium: Stamen 5

Fruit: Berry greenish or whitish in color

Economic Importance: Tubers of potato are used for human consumption worldwide. They form staple food or cooked as a vegetable in various ways. Potato may be boiled, roasted or steamed and mashed with mustard oil, soybean oil, margarine or butter, and is part of various curry dishes in roost of the Asian countries. Large quantities are consumed fried as chips, or as thinly sliced chips. The fairly good storing ability of potatoes results in their supply for consumption reasonably independent of season.

Table 1. Potato Varieties developed by Tuber Crop Research Center (TCRC), BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh

Serial NumberName of variety Developed byGrowing seasonAverage yield

(t ha-1)

1BARI Alu-1 (Heera)TCRC, BARIRabi25-40
2BARI Alu-2 (Morene )TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
3BARI Alu-3 (Origo)TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
4BARI Alu-4 (Alisa)TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
5BARI Alu-5 (Patrones)TCRC, BARIRabi20-30
6BARI Alu-6 (Multa)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
7BARI Alu-7 (Diamant)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
8BARI Alu-8 (Cardinal)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
9BARI Alu-9 (Mondial)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
10BARI Alu-10 (Kufri Sindhuri)TCRC, BARIRabi20-30
11BARI Alu-11 (Chakma)TCRC, BARIRabi20-35
12BARI Alu-12 (Dheera)TCRC, BARIRabi20-35
13BARI Alu-13 (Granola)TCRC, BARIRabi20-30
14BARI Alu-14 (Cleopetra )TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
15BARI Alu-15 (Binella)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
16BARI TPS-1TCRC, BARIRabi25-40
17BARI TPS-2TCRC, BARIRabi30-40
18BARI Alu-16 (Arinda)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
19BARI Alu-17(Raja)TCRC, BARIRabi25-40
20BARI Alu-18(Baraka)TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
21BARI Alu-19(Bintje)TCRC, BARIRabi20-25
22BARI Alu-20(Jaerala)TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
23BARI Alu-21(Provento)TCRC, BARIRabi25-28
24BARI Alu-22 (Saikat)TCRC, BARIRabi24-27
25BARI Alu-23(Altra)TCRC, BARIRabi24-27
26BARI Alu-24(Dura)TCRC, BARIRabi25-28
27BARI Alu-25(Asterix)TCRC, BARIRabi24-27
28BARI Alu-26(Felsina)TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
29BARI Alu-27(Esprit)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
30BARI Alu-28(Lady Rosseta)TCRC, BARIRabi25-40
31BARI Alu-29(Caurage)TCRC, BARIRabi20-26
32BARI Alu-30(Meridian)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
32BARI  Alu -31(SAGITA))TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
33BARI  Alu -32(QUINSI)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
34BARI Alu -33(ALMERA)TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
35BARI Alu -34(LARA)TCRC, BARIRabi30-45
36BARI Alu -35TCRC, BARIRabi30-45
37BARI ALU -36TCRC, BARIRabi30-40
38BARI Alu -37TCRC, BARIRabi30-40
39BARI Alu -38TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
40BARI Alu -39TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
41BARI Alu -40TCRC, BARIRabi35-55
42BARI Alu -41TCRC, BARIRabi25-35
43BARI Alu -42TCRC, BARIRabi25-40
44BARI Alu -43TCRC, BARIRabi25-50
45BARI Alu -44TCRC, BARIRabi25-50
46BARI Alu45TCRC, BARIRabi25-50
47BARI Alu -46TCRC, BARIRabi30-40
48BARI Alu -47TCRC, BARIRabi30-63
49BARI Alu -48TCRC, BARIRabi26-62
50BARI Alu -49TCRC, BARIRabi25-66
51BARI Alu -50TCRC, BARIRabi34-62
52BARI Alu-51TCRC, BARIRabi36-47
53BARI Alu -52TCRC, BARIRabi30-53
54BARI Alu -53TCRC, BARIRabi32-34
55BARI Alu -54TCRC, BARIRabi25-57
56BARI Alu -55TCRC, BARIRabi30-45
57BARI Alu -56TCRC, BARIRabi30-45
58BARI Alu -57TCRC, BARIRabi30-45
59BARI Alu-58TCRC, BARIRabi42-46
60BARI Alu -59TCRC, BARIRabi39-48
61BARI Alu-60TCRC, BARIRabi36-48
62BARI Alu -61TCRC, BARIRabi36-43
63BARI Alu-62TCRC, BARIRabi36-56
64BARI Alu -63TCRC, BARIRabi32-51
65BARI Alu -64TCRC, BARIRabi31-49
66BARI Alu -65TCRC, BARIRabi30-48
67BARI Alu -66TCRC, BARIRabi25-46
68BARI Alu -67TCRC, BARIRabi26-42
69BARI Alu -68TCRC, BARIRabi19-45
70BARI Alu -69TCRC, BARIRabi29-38
71BARI Alu -70TCRC, BARIRabi23-38
72BARI Alu -71TCRC, BARIRabi23-39
73BARI Alu-72TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
74BARI Alu -73TCRC, BARIRabi25-30
75BARI Alu -74TCRC, BARIRabi
76BARI Alu-75TCRC, BARIRabi
77BARI Alu-76TCRC, BARIRabi
78BARI Alu -77TCRC, BARIRabi
79BARI Alu -78TCRC, BARIRabi
80BARI Alu-79TCRC, BARIRabi
81BARI Alu-80TCRC, BARIRabi
82BARI Alu -81TCRC, BARIRabi
83BARI Alu -82TCRC, BARIRabi38-42
84BARI Alu-83TCRC, BARIRabi43-48
85BARI Alu-84TCRC, BARIRabi37-43
86BARI Alu -85TCRC, BARIRabi40-45
87BARI Alu -86TCRC, BARIRabi38-44
88BARI Alu -87TCRC, BARIRabi45-61
89BARI Alu -88TCRC, BARIRabi43-52
90BARI Alu -89TCRC, BARIRabi35-40
91BARI Alu -90TCRC, BARIRabi38-40
92BARI Alu -91TCRC, BARIRabi33-41
93BARI TPS-1TCRC, BARIRabi25-40
94BARI TPS-2TCRC, BARIRabi25-40

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