Potato

Potato

Scientific name: Solanum tuberosum L.

Bangla/local name: আলু (‘Alu’)


Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom :Plantae
Division :Magnoliophyta
Class :Magnoliopsida
Subclass :Asterdae
Order :Solanales
Family :Solanaceae
Genus :Solanum
Species :tuberosum

Botanical Description of Potato

K1600_IMG_9267

Habit: The potato is a perennial herb, although in cultivation used as an annual crop.

K1600_SDC17194

Root: Potato has a fibrous, rather weak root system

Stem: Potato has various more or less erect, angular branched and rather weak and juicy stems (30-80 cm).

Potato plant

Leaf: Alternate, leaves are pinnately compound with three or four pairs of ovate leaflets with smaller ones in between in outline. The leaflets are opposite or alternate.

Inflorescence: The inflorescence is a many flowered cymose panicle which occurs in the leaf axil.

Flower: The flower is complete actinomorphic

Calyx: Sepal 5

Corolla: Petal 5,  white, yellow or pale violet in color

Androecium: Stamen 5

Fruit: Berry greenish or whitish in color

Economic Importance: Tubers of potato are used for human consumption worldwide. They form staple food or cooked as a vegetable in various ways. Potato may be boiled, roasted or steamed and mashed with mustard oil, soybean oil, margarine or butter, and is part of various curry dishes in roost of the Asian countries. Large quantities are consumed fried as chips, or as thinly sliced chips. The fairly good storing ability of potatoes results in their supply for consumption reasonably independent of season.

Table 1. Potato Varieties developed by Tuber Crop Research Center (TCRC), BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh

Serial Number Name of variety Developed by Growing season Average yield

(t ha-1)

1 BARI Alu-1 (Heera) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-40
2 BARI Alu-2 (Morene ) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
3 BARI Alu-3 (Origo) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
4 BARI Alu-4 (Alisa) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
5 BARI Alu-5 (Patrones) TCRC, BARI Rabi 20-30
6 BARI Alu-6 (Multa) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
7 BARI Alu-7 (Diamant) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
8 BARI Alu-8 (Cardinal) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
9 BARI Alu-9 (Mondial) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
10 BARI Alu-10 (Kufri Sindhuri) TCRC, BARI Rabi 20-30
11 BARI Alu-11 (Chakma) TCRC, BARI Rabi 20-35
12 BARI Alu-12 (Dheera) TCRC, BARI Rabi 20-35
13 BARI Alu-13 (Granola) TCRC, BARI Rabi 20-30
14 BARI Alu-14 (Cleopetra ) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
15 BARI Alu-15 (Binella) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
16 BARI TPS-1 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-40
17 BARI TPS-2 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-40
18 BARI Alu-16 (Arinda) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
19 BARI Alu-17(Raja) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-40
20 BARI Alu-18(Baraka) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
21 BARI Alu-19(Bintje) TCRC, BARI Rabi 20-25
22 BARI Alu-20(Jaerala) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
23 BARI Alu-21(Provento) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-28
24 BARI Alu-22 (Saikat) TCRC, BARI Rabi 24-27
25 BARI Alu-23(Altra) TCRC, BARI Rabi 24-27
26 BARI Alu-24(Dura) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-28
27 BARI Alu-25(Asterix) TCRC, BARI Rabi 24-27
28 BARI Alu-26(Felsina) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
29 BARI Alu-27(Esprit) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
30 BARI Alu-28(Lady Rosseta) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-40
31 BARI Alu-29(Caurage) TCRC, BARI Rabi 20-26
32 BARI Alu-30(Meridian) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
32 BARI  Alu -31(SAGITA)) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
33 BARI  Alu -32(QUINSI) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
34 BARI Alu -33(ALMERA) TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
35 BARI Alu -34(LARA) TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-45
36 BARI Alu -35 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-45
37 BARI ALU -36 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-40
38 BARI Alu -37 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-40
39 BARI Alu -38 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
40 BARI Alu -39 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
41 BARI Alu -40 TCRC, BARI Rabi 35-55
42 BARI Alu -41 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-35
43 BARI Alu -42 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-40
44 BARI Alu -43 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-50
45 BARI Alu -44 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-50
46 BARI Alu45 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-50
47 BARI Alu -46 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-40
48 BARI Alu -47 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-63
49 BARI Alu -48 TCRC, BARI Rabi 26-62
50 BARI Alu -49 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-66
51 BARI Alu -50 TCRC, BARI Rabi 34-62
52 BARI Alu-51 TCRC, BARI Rabi 36-47
53 BARI Alu -52 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-53
54 BARI Alu -53 TCRC, BARI Rabi 32-34
55 BARI Alu -54 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-57
56 BARI Alu -55 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-45
57 BARI Alu -56 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-45
58 BARI Alu -57 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-45
59 BARI Alu-58 TCRC, BARI Rabi 42-46
60 BARI Alu -59 TCRC, BARI Rabi 39-48
61 BARI Alu-60 TCRC, BARI Rabi 36-48
62 BARI Alu -61 TCRC, BARI Rabi 36-43
63 BARI Alu-62 TCRC, BARI Rabi 36-56
64 BARI Alu -63 TCRC, BARI Rabi 32-51
65 BARI Alu -64 TCRC, BARI Rabi 31-49
66 BARI Alu -65 TCRC, BARI Rabi 30-48
67 BARI Alu -66 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-46
68 BARI Alu -67 TCRC, BARI Rabi 26-42
69 BARI Alu -68 TCRC, BARI Rabi 19-45
70 BARI Alu -69 TCRC, BARI Rabi 29-38
71 BARI Alu -70 TCRC, BARI Rabi 23-38
72 BARI Alu -71 TCRC, BARI Rabi 23-39
73 BARI Alu-72 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
74 BARI Alu -73 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-30
75 BARI Alu -74 TCRC, BARI Rabi
76 BARI Alu-75 TCRC, BARI Rabi
77 BARI Alu-76 TCRC, BARI Rabi
78 BARI Alu -77 TCRC, BARI Rabi
79 BARI Alu -78 TCRC, BARI Rabi
80 BARI Alu-79 TCRC, BARI Rabi
81 BARI Alu-80 TCRC, BARI Rabi
82 BARI Alu -81 TCRC, BARI Rabi
83 BARI Alu -82 TCRC, BARI Rabi 38-42
84 BARI Alu-83 TCRC, BARI Rabi 43-48
85 BARI Alu-84 TCRC, BARI Rabi 37-43
86 BARI Alu -85 TCRC, BARI Rabi 40-45
87 BARI Alu -86 TCRC, BARI Rabi 38-44
88 BARI Alu -87 TCRC, BARI Rabi 45-61
89 BARI Alu -88 TCRC, BARI Rabi 43-52
90 BARI Alu -89 TCRC, BARI Rabi 35-40
91 BARI Alu -90 TCRC, BARI Rabi 38-40
92 BARI Alu -91 TCRC, BARI Rabi 33-41
93 BARI TPS-1 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-40
94 BARI TPS-2 TCRC, BARI Rabi 25-40

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