French bean

French bean

Synonym: French beanString bean, Field bean, Flageolet bean, Kidney bean, Garden bean, Green bean, Haricot bean, Pop bean, or Snap bean

Scientific name: Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Local name: Farashi bean



Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class :Magnoliopsida
Subclass : Rosidae
Order : Fabales
Family : Fabacaeae
Genus : Phaseolus
Species : P. vulgaris

Botanical Description of French Bean

Habit: A climber or sub-erect annual herb

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Herbaceous, branched

Leaf: alternate, compound, trifoliate, pulvinate

Inflorescence: A simple raceme, terminal, flowers bear in a cluster

Flower: Papilionaceous, zygomorphic, hermaphrodite

french bean flower

Calyx: Sepal five, gamosepalous, aestivation valvate

Corolla: polypetalous, petal five, papilionaceous, composed of one standard, two wing and two keel.

Androecium: Stamen 10, diadelphous (9)+1

Gynoecium: Ovary superior, monocarpellary, marginal placentation

Fruit: A legume, pod oblong

french bean pod


Number of Chromosome: 2n=22, 24 (Kumar and Subramaniam, 1986)

Economic Importance: It is one of the best known and widely cultivated edible phaseolus plant. Immature fruits are used as vegetable. Dry ripe seeds are also edible. The leaves are also used as pot-herb. The straw is used as forage.

Table French bean varieties developed by Pulse Research Centre, BARI


Serial Number Name of variety Developed by Year of Release Growing season Yield
1 BARI-Jar Seem-1 PRC 1996 Rabi 13-14 t/ha
2 BARI Jar Seem- 2 PRC 2002 Rabi 12-15 t/ha


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