Canary grass

Canary grass

Scientific name: Phalaris canariensis L.

Bangla/local name: Not known

Taxonomic Position According Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Liliopsida
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Phalaris
Species  P. canariensis

Phalaris-canariensis

Botanical Description of Canary Grass

Stem: This large, coarse grass has erect, hairless stems, usually from 2 to 6 feet (0.6- 1.8 metres) tall. The ligule is prominent and membranous, ¼ inch (0.6 cm) long and rounded at the apex. The gradually tapering leaf blades are 3½–10 inches (8.9–25.4 cm) long, ¼–¾ inch (0.6–1.9 cm) wide, flat, and often harsh on both surfaces. The  compact panicles are erect or sometimes slightly spreading and range from 3–16 inches (7.6–40.6 cm) long with branches ½–1½ inches (1.2–3.8 cm) long.

Inflorescence: Green or slightly purple at first, then become tan.

Flower: Single flowers occur in dense clusters.

Seed: The seeds are shiny brown.

Economic Importance

The seed is used as bird food and is generally mixed with rapeseed and other seeds that cheapen it. It should be kept in a dry place and away from vermin. Industrially, a flour made from seed is employed in the manufacture of fine cotton goods and silk stuffs.

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