Scientific name: Coriandrum sativum L.
Bangla/local name: ‘Dhonia’
Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)
Species : C. sativum
Botanical description of Coriander
Habit: Coriander is an erect, glabrous, annual herb.
Root: Coriander has a well-developed fleshy taproot
Stem: The species has solid, finely grooved stems and in richly branched
Leaf: The leaves alternate, are compound and most of them are pinnate or bipinnate. The plant develops leaves of two different shapes: the basal leaf which start more or less as roseette leaves, are usually simple and broader than the leaves attached to the stem.
Flower: The white or pink flowers are borne in umbel, the middle flowers are small and infertile, and the outer flowers are larger and fertile
Fruit: The small oval, and aromatic fruit is a cremocarp, yellowish brown, 3 to 5 mm in dia, with wavy longitudinal ridges .