Tamarind

Tamarind

Scientific name: Tamarindus indica L.

Synonym: Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn.Tamarindus officinalis Hook.Tamarindus umbrosa Salisb.

 Local/Bangla name: ‘Tentul’

 Family-Caesalpinaceae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

 

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Caesalpinaceae
Genus Tamarindus
Species T. indica

Botanical Description of Tamarind

Habit: Perennial tree

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Stem: Large tree having trunk

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Leaf: Compound, even-pinnate, leaflet opposite

Inflorescence: Terminal raceme

Flower: Complete

Calyx: sepal 4, aestivation imbricate

Corolla: Petal 3

Androecium: Stamen 3

Gynoecium: ovary superior

Fruit: Legume

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Table 1: Tamarind varieties are released by BARI, Joydebpur and BAU, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Serial Number Name of varieties Developed by Origin Year of release Average yield
1 BARI Tentul-1 BARI Thailand 2009 10 t/ha
2 FTIP-BAU  Tetul -1 BAU African savana 2010 6-12 t/ha
3 FTIP-BAU  Tetul -2 BAU Indian sub-continent and Asia 2010 9-16 t/ha

 

Economic Importance

i) Edible fruits
ii) Herb & Spice
iii) Medicinal purposes

iv) Trunk is used as timber for furniture

 

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