Bottle Gourd

Bottle Gourd

English name: Bottle gourd

Scientific name: Lagenaria vulgaris

Local name: ‘Lau’

Taxonomic Position (according to Cronquist)


Kingdom :Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Sub-class : Dilleniidae
Order : Violales
Family :Cucurbitaceae
Genus : Lagenaria
Species :vulgaris


Economic importance: Young and tender fruits are used as vegetable. The ripe hard fruit-shells are used as bottles, pipes, blowing horns and snuff boxes. The shells are also used for making musical instruments. The fruit-pulp is considered emetic, purgative, cooling and diuretic. The seed oil is applied externally in headache.


 Table 1. Bottle gourd variety developed by BARI

Serial Number Name Developed by Year of release Growing season Average yield

(t ha-1)

1 BARI Lau-1 HRC, BARI 1996 Throughout the year 42-45
2 BARI Lau-2 HRC, BARI 2006 Throughout the year 55-60
3 BARI Lau-3 HRC, BARI 2010 Throughout the year 62
4 BARI Lau-1 HRC, BARI 2010 Throughout the year 82



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