Scientific name: Raphanus sativus L.
Local/Bangla name: ‘Mula’
Taxonomic position (according to Cronquist, 1981)
Botanical Description of Radish
The radish is a root vegetable which is domesticated in Europe which is grown throughout the world. It is mainly eaten as raw as salad and curry. It has numerous varieties varying in size color and duration to take maturity.
Habit: Annual herb
Root: Tap root, napiform, fleshy and enlarged by storage tissue
Stem: short, elongated at flowering
Inflorescence: terminal panicle
Flower: Complete, actinomorphic, cruciform
Calyx: Sepa 4 polysepalous
Corolla:Petal 4 cross form
Gynoecium: Carpel two syncarpous
Table: Radish varieties developed by Horticultural Research Centre (HRC), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh
|Serial Number||Name of variety||Developed by||Growing season||Average yield |
|1||BARI Mula-1||HRC, BARI||Rabi||75|
|2||BARI Mula-2||HRC, BARI||Rabi||60|
|3||BARI Mula-3||HRC, BARI||Rabi||55|
|4||BARI Mula-4||HRC, BARI||Rabi||65-70|
|6||BU Hybrid Mula-1||BSMRAU||Rabi||55|
Economic Importance: Radish is important both economically and medicinally. Leaves and roots are cooked and taken as vegetable. Roots are used in urinary complaints and piles. Seeds are expectorant, diuretic, laxative, tonic and are administered for treatment of spleen and paralysis.