Carissa

Carissa 

Scientific name: Carissa carandas L.

Local/ Bangla name: ‘Karanca’

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Subclass : Asteridis
Order : Gentianales
Family : Apocynaceae
Genus : Carissa
Species : C. carandis

Botanical Description of Carissa

Habit: Generally shrubs

carrissa-plant

Root: Tap root system

Leaf: Simple, alternate, petiolate, lamina entire

Karamja

Karamja single dorsal leaf

karamja single leaf ventral

DSC016551

Figure: Leaf Anatomy of Carissa

Stem: Strong, containing thorn

K1600_DSC016401

Figure: Stem Anatomy of Carissa

Inflorescence: Cluster

Flower: Complete, actinomporhic

carissa

Fruit: Berry

c flower

Chromosome number:

Economic Importance

The fruit is a rich source of iron, so it sometimes used in treatment of anemia. It contains a fair amount of vitamin.

Mature fruit is harvested for pickles. It contains pectin and accordingly is a useful ingredient in jelly, jam, syrup and chutney. Ripe fruits exude a white latex when severed from the branch. The roots of the plant are heavily branched, making it valuable for stabilizing eroding slopes. It has medicinal value too, it is taken for urine-related problems.

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