Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit

Scientific name:  Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

KingdomPlantae
DivisionMagnoliophyta
ClassLiliopsida
SubclassLillidae
OrderCaryophyllales
FamilyCactaceae
GenusHylocereus
SpeciesH. undatus

Botanical Description of Dragon Fruit

Roots: Aerial roots allow this species to climb upwards. In nature, this species grows on top of trees or rocks.
Stems: Fleshy, angular stems have 3 wings up to 5 cm wide and scalloped margins.
Flowers: Fragrant, whitish to greenish-yellow flowers (25-35 cm long, 30 cm wide) are composed of numerous white- or yellow-tipped stamens and a large stigma with a star-shaped tip. They open at night and close shortly after daybreak.

Fruits: Oval to oblong fruits the edible, sweet white flesh contains numerous, black seeds which are also edible.

 

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Table 1.: Dragon fruit variety developed by BAU and BARI

 

Sl. No.Name of VarietyDeveloped byYear of ReleasePlanting timeYield (t/ha)
1FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-1 (white)GPC, BAU2010May-August20-25
2FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-2 (Red)GPC, BAU2010May-August20-25
3FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-3(Yellow)GPC, BAU2010May-August20-25
 

4

BARI Dragon Fruit-1BARI2014May- June20.6-30.5

 

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