Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit

Scientific name:  Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose



Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Liliopsida
Subclass Lillidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae
Genus Hylocereus
Species H. undatus

Botanical Description of Dragon Fruit

Roots: Aerial roots allow this species to climb upwards. In nature, this species grows on top of trees or rocks.
Stems: Fleshy, angular stems have 3 wings up to 5 cm wide and scalloped margins.
Flowers: Fragrant, whitish to greenish-yellow flowers (25-35 cm long, 30 cm wide) are composed of numerous white- or yellow-tipped stamens and a large stigma with a star-shaped tip. They open at night and close shortly after daybreak.

Fruits: Oval to oblong fruits the edible, sweet white flesh contains numerous, black seeds which are also edible.




Table 1.: Dragon fruit variety developed by BAU and BARI


Sl. No. Name of Variety Developed by Year of Release Planting time Yield (t/ha)
1 FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-1 (white) GPC, BAU 2010 May-August 20-25
2 FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-2 (Red) GPC, BAU 2010 May-August 20-25
3 FTIP-BAU Dragon Fal-3(Yellow) GPC, BAU 2010 May-August 20-25


BARI Dragon Fruit-1 BARI 2014 May- June 20.6-30.5


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