Mandarin

Mandarin

Scientific name: Citrus reticulata L.

Local name: Mandarin

Taxonomic Position of Mandarin According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom        : Plantae

Division          : Magnoliophyta

Class               : Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order              : Sapindales

Family             : Rutaceae

Genus             : Citrus

Species            : C. reticulata

Botanical Description of Mandarin

Habit: Perennial woody shrub

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Woody, branched, sparsely spiny

Leaf: Palmetely compound, unifoliate

Inflorescence: Axillary umbel cyme

Flower: pedicillate, complete, actinomorphic

Calyx: Sepal 4-5, gamosepalous, valvate

Corolla: Petal 4-5, polypetalous

Androecium: Stamen numerous, in many bundles

Gynoecium: Ovary superior, multilocular, syncarpous, placentation axile

Fruit: A hesperedium

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Table 1. Manadrin variety developed by HRC, BARI, Bangladesh

 

Serial NumberName of VarietyDeveloped byYear of ReleasePlanting SeasonYield
1BARI Kamala-1HRC, BARI1996June September20-25 t/ha
2BARI Kamala-2HRC, BARI2013June September400-500 kg/plant
3BARI Kamala 3HRC, BARI2017June September6.5 t/ha

 

 

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