Mung Bean

English name: Mung bean

Bangla/local name: ‘Moog, Sunamoog’

Scientific name: Vigna radiate(L.) Wilezek

 

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division           : Magnoliophyta
Class                :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order               : Fabales
Family             : Fabacaeae

Genus              : Vigna

Species            : V. radiata

Botanical Description of Mungbean

Habit:cultivated annual herb

Root: Tap root system, the root contain nodule having the N2-fixing bacteria Rhizobium spp.

Stem:Erect to sub-erect, highly branching and hairy

Leaf: compound, trifoliate

Inflorescence: raceme

Flower: zygomorphic, complete, papilionaceous

Calyx:Sepal 5, gamosepalous

Corolla: petal 5, divided into standard, wing and keel; aestivation vexilary.

Androecium: stamen 10 (9+1) diadelphous

Gynoecium:carpel one, style spirally twisted, ovary superior, placentation marginal.

Fruit: Pod with densely trichomed

Leguminosae (11)Economic Importance

It is one of the most highly prized pulses. It is boiled and eaten whole or after splitting into dal. It is ground and mixed with wheat or rice powder to make bread. The green pod is used as vegetable. The plant is used as green manure and cover crop. The hulls and straw are used as fodder .The seeds are aphrodisiac, tonic, appetiser, diuretic, good for heart and fatigue and used in paralysis, rheumatism and affections of nervous system. One hundred gram dry mungbean contains: protein 22 g and carbohydrate 60 g. It is a good source of minerals, provitamin A and vitamin B-complex.

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Table 1. Mung bean varieties developed by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) and Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Bangladesh

Serial Number Name of the variety Developed by Growing season Average Yield

(ton ha-1)

1 BARI Mung-1 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 0.9-1.0
2 BARI Mung-2 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1.0-2.0
3 BARI Mung-3 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1.2-1.3
4 BARI Mung-4 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1.2-1.4
5 BARI Mung-5 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1.6-1.7
6 BARI Mung-6 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1.8
6 BARI Mung-7 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 2.0-2.2

1.7-1.8

6 BARI Mung-8 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1.6-1.7

1.5-1.6

7 Binamoog-1 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-2 0.9-1.0
8 Binamoog-2 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1.10
9 Binamoog-3 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-2 1.0
10 Binamoog-4 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-2 1.75
11 Binamoog-5 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1.4
12 Binamoog-6 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1.5
13 Binamoog-7 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1.8
14 Binamoog-8 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1.8