Mung Bean

English name: Mung bean, Green gram, Golden gram

Bangla/local name: মুগ ডাল (‘Moog), সোনা ‍মুগ  (Sunamoog)’

Scientific name: Vigna radiate(L.) Wilezek

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom         : Plantae
Division           : Magnoliophyta
Class                :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order               : Fabales
Family             : Fabacaeae

Genus              : Vigna

Species            : V. radiata

Chromosome number: 2n=22,24

Botanical Description of Mung bean

Habit: cultivated annual herb

Root: Tap root system, the root contain nodule having the N2-fixing bacteria Rhizobium spp.

Stem: Erect to sub-erect, highly branching and hairy

Leaf: compound, trifoliate

Inflorescence: raceme

Flower: zygomorphic, complete, papilionaceous

Calyx: Sepal 5, gamosepalous

Corolla: petal 5, divided into standard, wing and keel; aestivation vexilary.

Androecium: stamen 10 (9+1) diadelphous

Gynoecium:carpel one, style spirally twisted, ovary superior, placentation marginal.

Fruit: Pod with densely trichomed

Germinated seeds

Leguminosae (11)

Economic Importance

It is one of the most highly prized pulses which is boiled and eaten whole or after splitting into soup (dal). It is ground and mixed with wheat or rice powder to make bread. The green pod is used as vegetable. The plant is used as green manure and cover crop. The hulls and straw are used as fodder .The seeds are aphrodisiac, tonic, appetiser, diuretic, good for heart and fatigue and used in paralysis, rheumatism and affections of nervous system. One hundred gram dry mungbean contains: protein 22 g and carbohydrate 60 g. It is a good source of minerals, provitamin A and vitamin B-complex.

IMG_7551IMG_7554

Table 1. Mung bean varieties developed by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) and Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA), Banglades

Serial Number Name of the variety Developed by Growing season  Yield(kg ha-1)
1 BARI Mung-1 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 900-1000
2 BARI Mung-2 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1000-1200
3 BARI Mung-3 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1200-1300
4 BARI Mung-4 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1200-1400
5 BARI Mung-5 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1600-1700
6 BARI Mung-6 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1800
7 BARI Mung-7 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 2000-2200

1700-1800

8 BARI Mung-8 Pulse Research Centre, BARI Kharif-1 and Kharif-2 1600-1700

1500-1600

9 Binamoog-1 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-2 900-1000
10 Binamoog-2 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1100
11 Binamoog-3 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-2 1000
12 Binamoog-4 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-2 1750
13 Binamoog-5 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1400
14 Binamoog-6 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1500
15 Binamoog-7 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1800
16 Binamoog-8 Crop Physiology Division, BINA Kharif-1 1800
 

17

Binamoog-9 Plant Breeding Division, BINA Kharif-1 1800

Table3. Mungbean variety developed by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh

Sl. No. Name of variety Released by Year Yield

(kg ha-1)

1 BU mug1 Department of Agronomy 2000 1400-1600
2 BU mug2 Department of Agronomy 2001 1500-1700
3 BU mug3 Department of Agronomy 2003 1000-1500
4 BU mug4 Department of Agronomy 2006 1800-2000
5 BU mug5 Department of Agronomy 2015 1500-1800
6 BU mug6 Department of Agronomy 2018 2000-2300

References

  • Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh
  • The Plant List
  • Flora and Fauna Web
  • bari.gov.bd
  • bina.gov.bd
  • BSMRAU Technology Handbook (বশেমুরকৃবি প্রযুক্তি বই)