Palmyra palm

Palmyra palm, Toddy palm

Scientific name: Borassus flabellifer L.

Local/ Bangla name: ‘Tal’

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic position According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom : Plantae  
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Liliopsida
Subclass : Arecidae
Order : Arecales
Family : Arecaceae
Genus : Borussus
Species : B. flabellifer  

 Botanical Description of Palmyra Palm

Habit: A solitary stout erect, unbranched palm up to 30 m long

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Root: Fibrous root system

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Leaf: Fan shaped, coriaceous, segments 60-80 cm, extension of the petiole protrudes as the rib well into the center of the blade

Flower: Male and female flowers borne into separate tree i.e. dioecious

Inflorescence: Female inflorescence a sparingly branched spadix having spathe. Male inflorescence a simple branched spadix.

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Flower: Female flowers globose, green, carpel 3-4, stigma 3, sessile. Male flowers small, stamen 6, anthers sub-sessile.

Fruit: Drupe

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Palmayra palm

Figure: Fruit

 

Figure: Seeds 

Chromosome number: 2n=36

Economic Importance: Juice obtained from male inflorescence provide a pleasant drink. Young fruits supply jelly-like contents and ripe fruits are eaten as raw.

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