Scientific name: Citrus medica L.

Local name: Not known





Taxonomic position of citron According to Cronquist (1981)

Kingdom        :Plantae

Division          :Magnoliophyta

Class               :Magnoliopsida

Subclass          : Rosidae

Order              :Sapindales

Family             :Rutaceae

Genus             : Citrus

Species            :C. medica

Botanical Description of Citron

Habit: Perennial woody shrub

Citron fruits

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Woody, branched, sparsely spiny

Leaf: Palmetely compound, unifoliate

Inflorescence: Axillary umbel cyme

Flower: Pedicillate, complete, actinomorphic


Calyx: Sepal 4-5, gamosepalous, valvate

Corolla: Petal 4-5, polypetalous

Androecium: Stamen numerous, in many bundles

Gynoecium: Ovary superior, multilocular, syncarpous, placentation axile

Fruit: A hesperedium


Economic Importance

  • Used as dessert fruit
  • Used as medicinal purposes
  • Used as aromatic compound

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