Family: Euphorbiaceae

Family: Euphorbiaceae

The Spurge Family

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist

Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyte
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Malpighiales
Family Euphorbiaceae

The family consists around 300 genera and 7500 species.

Botanical Description of the Family

Habit: Herb, shrub and tree of a diversified family

Root: Tap root system

Stem:  Erect, sometime contains latex

Leaf: Leaves usually simple, alternate and stipulate

Plants are monoecious or dioecious

Flower: Small, sepal generally 3-5, petal usually absent

Androecium: Stamen 1-numerous

Gynoecium: Ovary superior, three chambered

Fruit: Typically three lobed capsule.

Table1: Economically Important Crop Plants of this Family

Sl No. Bangla name English name Scientific name Usefulness
1 Latkan The Burmese grape Baccaurea ramiflora Fruit
2 Akhrot Indian walnut Aleurites molucana Fruit
3 Rubber Rubber Hevea brasilensis Latex
4 Cassava Cassava Manihot esculenta Starch
5 Reri Castor Ricinus cumunis Lubricant
6 Orboroi Star gooseberry Phyllanthus acidus fruit
7 Amloki Indian gooseberry/

Emblic Myrobalan

Phyllanthus emblica Fruit

 

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