Mango

Mango
Scientific name: Mangifera indica L.

Local/Bangla name: ‘Aam’

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

 Kingdom         : Plantae

Division           : Magnoliphyta

Class                : Magnoliopsida

Order               : Sapindales

Family             : Anacardiaceae

Genus              : Mangifera

Species            : M. indica

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Botanical Description of Mango

Habit: Perennial tree

Root: Tap root systemIMG_4733

Stem: Erect, large trunk

Mango stem

Leaf: Simple, petiolate, phylotaxy alternate some time opposite, leaf blade dorsiventral

Mango leaf

Inflorescence: Panicle

Flower: Actinomorphic, bisexual,

Calyx: Sepal composed of five ovate-lanceolate, finely pubescent, concave sepals.

Corolla: Petal five elliptic-lanceolate to obovate-lance-olate.

Fruit: Drupe with an outer leathery skin (exocarp), a fleshy mesocarp and a hard, stony endocarp (pit) surrounding the seed.

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mango seeds 3fresh mango juice

Table 1. Popular mango varieties developed by Germplasm Centre, BAU; Horticulture Research Centre, BARI

Serial Number Name of variety Developed by Year of Release Growing season Yield

(ton/ha)

1 FTIP-BAU Aam1 BAU 2006 June-September 15-20

 

2 FTIP-BAU Aam2

Sindhuri)

BAU 2006 June-September 7-9

 

3 FTIP-BAU Aam3

Diabetic

BAU 2006 June-September 10-15

 

4 FTIP-BAU Aam4 BAU 2006 June-September 15-20

 

5 FTIP-BAU Mango 5 BAU 2006 June-September 18-22

 

6 FTIP-BAU Mango-6 BAU 2006 June-September 25-30

 

7 FTIP-BAU Mango-7 BAU 2006 June-September 25-40

 

8 FTIP-BAU Mango-8 BAU 2006 June-September 25-30

 

9 FTIP-BAU Mango-9 BAU 2006 June-September 18-25

 

10 FTIP-BAU Mango-10 BAU 2008 June-September 15-20
11 FTIP-BAU Mango-11 (Kachamitha-1) BAU 2009 May to August 4.5 -8.50
12 FTIP-BAU Mango-12 (Kachamitha-2) BAU 2009 May to August 4.5 -8.50
13 FTIP-BAU Mango-13(Kachamitha-3) BAU 2009 May to August 3-5
14 FTIP-BAU Mango-14 (Banana mango) BAU 2010 May to August 2.5-8.5
15 FTIP-BAU Mango-15(Golapkhash) BAU 2010 May to August 1.5-6.0
16 FTIP-BAU Mango-16(Golla) BAU 2010 May to August 1.4-7.8
17 FTIP-BAU Mango-17(Satkaniya) BAU 2010 May to August 1.2-4.2
18 BARI Aam-1 BARI 1996 June-September 20.0
19 BARI Aam-2 BARI 1996 June-September 22.0
20 BARI Aam-3 BARI 1996 June-September 22.0
21 BARI Aam-4 BARI 2003 June-September 18.0
22 BARI Aam-5 BARI 2009 June-September 15.0
23 BARI Aam-6 BARI 2009 June-September 11.0
24 BARI Aam-7 BARI 2009 June-September 16.0
25 BARI Aam-8 BARI 2009 June-September 14.0
26 BARI Aam-9 (Kacha Mitha) BARI 2011 June-September
27 BARI Aam-10 BARI 2012 June-September
 

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BARI Mango-11 BARI 2015 June-September 22.0

Popular Variety of Mango

The local varieties of mangoes are: Fazlee, Langda, Gopalbogh, Himsagar, Khirsapat, Ashhwina, Khisanbogh, Kuapahadi, Lata Bombai, Foria, Bombai, Kohitoor, Laksmanbhog, Mohanbhog, Misribhog, Amrapali, Haribhanga  etc. Fazli, Lengra, Gopalbhog and Khisrapat are considered to be the premier varieties.

 

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