Golden Apple

Golden Apple/ Hog Palm

Scientific name: Spondias dulcis Parkinson









Taxonomic Position According to Cronquist (1988)

Kingdom : Plantae
Division : Magnoliphyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Order : Sapindales
Family : Anacardiaceae
Genus :Spondias
Species :S. dulcis


Two types of hogplum are found in Bangladesh

  1. Hogplum
  2. Golden apple

Botanical Description of Golden Apple

Habit: Perennial tree

K1600_IMG_4657 (2)

Root: Tap root system

Stem: Small to large tree

K1600_amra stam (3)1

Leaf: Simple

K1600_amra leaf (12)1

Inflorescence: Terminal panicle


Flower: poliycarpic, small, inconspicuous

Fruit: Simple, drupe, fleshy



Economic Importance

  • Mainly used as edible fruit
  • The ripe fruits are eaten out-of-hand, made into chutney or fruit juice.
  • Green fruits are made into pickles and are used to season various foods

Table 1. Hog palm varieties developed by BAR, Joydebpur and BAU, Mymensingh

Serial Number Name of Variety Developed by Year of Release Planting time Yield (t/ha)
1 BARI  Amra-1 HRC, BARI 2003 June-September 15-17
2 BARI  Amra-2 HRC, BARI 2007 August-September 16-18
3 FTIP-BAU Amra-1


GPC, BAU 2010 May-August 3-13





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